Ultima sessione Unfccc prima di Cancun

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L’Unione europea, nel Consiglio dei ministri previsto per il 14 ottobre prossimo dovrà discutere e decidere se puntare decisamente all’impegno di riduzione del 30% al 2020, oppure lasciare l’opzione attuale del 20% con possibilità del 30%

Si apre, dal 4 al 9 ottobre, l’ultima sessione negoziale prima della Conferenza (Cop) di Cancun (Messico) per la messa a punto dei due testi di trattato: Agw-Lca e Agw-Kp. Il tempo non è sufficiente per arrivare a soluzioni condivise. Pertanto la Presidente del gruppo Agw-Lca: Margaret Mukahanana-Sangarwe, ha raccomandato di porre l’attenzione sui punti meno controversi dove è più facile arrivare ad un testo finale concordato, lasciando, invece, le questioni di maggiore conflittualità alle mediazioni politiche di Cancun. Per quanto riguarda il gruppo Agw-Kp, il Presidente, John Ashe, ha raccomandato, invece, di analizzare la nuova bozza di testo in modo tale da ridurre il ventaglio delle opzioni possibili ivi riportate.

L’Unione europea, nel Consiglio dei ministri previsto per il 14 ottobre prossimo dovrà discutere e decidere se puntare decisamente all’impegno di riduzione del 30% al 2020, oppure lasciare l’opzione attuale del 20% con possibilità del 30%. (V. F.)

Qui di seguito il messaggio del segretariato Unfccc.

TIANJIN climate change talks:

4-9 OCTOBER 2010

From 4-9 October 2010, the 14th session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP 14) and the 12th session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA 12) will convene in Tianjin, China, as part of ongoing negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol. The two AWGs are scheduled to report the outcomes of their work at the United Nations Climate Change Conference to be held in Cancun, Mexico from 29 November to 10 December 2010.

AWG-LCA 12 is expected to concentrate on its new negotiating text. The text encompasses the key aspects of the Bali Action Plan (decision 1/CP.13), namely a shared vision for long-term cooperative action, mitigation, adaptation, finance and technology, as well as capacity building. In her scenario note for the session, Chair Margaret Mukahanana-Sangarwe (Zimbabwe) notes that the AWG-LCA may not be able to resolve all issues within the time remaining and suggests that focus be put on issues that lend themselves to resolution within the time available, bearing in mind the need to achieve balance.

AWG-KP 14 is expected to consider the Chair’s draft proposal, presented to the parties at AWG-KP 13. The document contains several draft decision texts on, inter alia, Protocol amendments under Article 3.9 (Annex I parties’ further commitments), the flexibility mechanisms and land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). In his scenario note, Chair John Ashe (Antigua and Barbuda) suggests focusing on narrowing down the options contained in the document and making progress on substantial outstanding issues.

INTERSESSIONAL EVENTS

after Bonn Climate Talks (August 2010)

GENEVA DIALOGUE ON CLIMATE FINANCE :

From 2-3 September 2010, the Geneva Dialogue on Climate Finance took place in Geneva, Switzerland. At the invitation of Switzerland and Mexico, a group of ministers and government representatives from 46 countries and the European Union, together with the AWG-LCA Chair and the UNFCCC Executive Secretary, met in an informal setting to discuss current themes related to finance in the ongoing UN climate negotiations. The issues discussed included finance architecture, the new climate fund, the role of the private sector and sources of longterm finance. In their summary, the Co-Chairs of the Dialogue characterized the meeting as positive and identified the need to feed the constructive spirit back to the formal negotiations under the UNFCCC.

MAJOR ECONOMIES FORUM ON ENERGY AND CLIMATE:

The Eighth Meeting of the Leaders’ Representatives of the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate took place in New York, US, from 20-21 September 2010, and was attended by officials from 17 major economies, as well as the UN, Barbados, Denmark, Egypt, Singapore and Spain. Participants discussed how to advance prospects for a successful outcome at the Cancun Climate Change Conference. They recommended that the Tianjin negotiations should focus on key issues and “extract” from the negotiating text what should be decided upon in Cancun.